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Friday, March 11, 2022

Rule 21 of CGST Rules 2017

Registration to be cancelled in certain cases.-

The registration granted to a person is liable to be cancelled, if the said person,-

  • (a) does not conduct any business from the declared place of business; or
  • (b) issues invoice or bill without supply of goods or services [or both]32 in violation of the provisions of this Act, or the rules made thereunder; or
  • [(c) violates the provisions of section 171 of the Act or the rules made thereunder]33
  • [(d) violates the provision of rule 10A]34
  • [(e) avails input tax credit in violation of the provisions of section 16 of the Act or the rules made thereunder; or
  • (f) furnishes the details of outward supplies in FORM GSTR-1 under section 37 for one or more tax periods which is in excess of the outward supplies declared by him in his valid return under section 39 for the said tax periods; or
  • (g) violates the provision of rule 86B.]35

[21A Suspension of registration.-

(1) Where a registered person has applied for cancellation of registration under rule 20, the registration shall be deemed to be suspended from the date of submission of the application or the date from which the cancellation is sought, whichever is later, pending the completion of proceedings for cancellation of registration under rule 22.

(2) Where the proper officer has reasons to believe that the registration of a person is liable to be cancelled under section 29 or under rule 21, he may, [ after affording the said person a reasonable opportunity of being heard,]36 suspend the registration of such person with effect from a date to be determined by him, pending the completion of the proceedings for cancellation of registration under rule 22.

[(2A) Where, a comparison of the returns furnished by a registered person under section 39 with

  • (a) the details of outward supplies furnished in FORM GSTR-1; or
  • (b) the details of inward supplies derived based on the details of outward supplies furnished by his suppliers in their FORM GSTR-1,

or such other analysis, as may be carried out on the recommendations of the Council, show that there are significant differences or anomalies indicating contravention of the provisions of the Act or the rules made thereunder, leading to cancellation of registration of the said person, his registration shall be suspended and the said person shall be intimated in FORM GST REG-31, electronically, on the common portal, or by sending a communication to his e-mail address provided at the time of registration or as amended from time to time, highlighting the said differences and anomalies and asking him to explain, within a period of thirty days, as to why his registration shall not be cancelled.]37

(3) A registered person, whose registration has been suspended under sub-rule (1)or sub-rule (2) [or sub-rule (2A)]38, shall not make any taxable supply during the period of suspension and shall not be required to furnish any return under section 39.

[(3A) A registered person, whose registration has been suspended under sub-rule (2) or sub-rule (2A), shall not be granted any refund under section 54, during the period of suspension of his registration.]39

[Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-rule, the expression "shall not make any taxable supply" shall mean that the registered person shall not issue a tax invoice and, accordingly, not charge tax on supplies made by him during the period of suspension.]40

(4) The suspension of registration under sub-rule (1)or sub-rule (2) [or sub-rule (2A)]41 shall be deemed to be revoked upon completion of the proceedings by the proper officer under rule 22 and such revocation shall be effective from the date on which the suspension had come into effect.]42

  • [Provided that the suspension of registration under this rule may be revoked by the proper officer, anytime during the pendency of the proceedings for cancellation, if he deems fit.]43

[(5) Where any order having the effect of revocation of suspension of registration has been passed, the provisions of clause (a) of sub-section (3) of section 31 and section 40 in respect of the supplies made during the period of suspension and the procedure specified therein shall apply.]44

Amendmends made to Rule 21 of CGST Rules 2017

32 Inserted vide Notf no.94/2020 – CT dt. 22.12.2020

33 Inserted vide Notf no. 07/2017-CT dt. 27.06.2017

34 Inserted vide Notf no. 31/2019 – CT dt. 28.06.2019

35 Inserted vide Notf no.94/2020 – CT dt. 22.12.2020

36 Omitted vide Notf no.94/2020 – CT dt. 22.12.2020

37 Inserted vide Notf no.94/2020 – CT dt. 22.12.2020

38 Inserted vide Notf no.94/2020 – CT dt. 22.12.2020

39 Inserted vide Notf no.94/2020 – CT dt. 22.12.2020

40 Inserted vide Notf no. 49/2019-CT dt. 09.10.2019

41 Inserted vide Notf no.94/2020 – CT dt. 22.12.2020

42 Inserted vide Notf no. 03/2019-CT dt. 29.01.2019 wef 01.02.2019

43 Inserted vide Notf no.94/2020 – CT dt. 22.12.2020

44 Inserted vide Notf no. 49/2019-CT dt. 09.10.2019